8 Elements distilled to 4 Concepts        

1.  Belonging

 Positive Relationship with a Caring Adult

A Caring adult acts as an adviser, guide and mentor.  The adult helps set boundaries and expectations for young people.  The adult could be called supporter, friend, or advocate.

 A Safe Environment

Youth should not fear physical or emotional harm while participating in an activity, whether from the learning environment itself or from the adults, other participants or spectators.

 An Inclusive Environment

An inclusive environment is one that creates a sense of belonging and encourages and supports its members with positive and specific feedback.  Healthy groups celebrate the success of all members, taking pride in the collective efforts of all participants.

2.  Mastery

Engagement in Learning

An engaged youth is on who is mindful of the subject are, building relationships and connections in order to develop understanding.  Through self-reflection, youth have the ability to self-correct and learn from experience.  The engaged learner has a higher degree of self-motivation and an inexhaustible capacity for creativity. 

Opportunity for Mastery

Mastery is the building of knowledge, skills, and attitudes and the demonstration of the competent use of this knowledge and skill by a proficient practitioner.  The level of mastery is dependent on the developmental ability of  the individual or youth.  The development of mastery is a process over time. 

3.  Independence

Opportunity to see Oneself as an Active Participant in the Future

The ability to see oneself in the future is to have hope and optimism to shape life choices, which facilitates the transition into participation in the future. 

 Opportunity for Self-Determination

Believing that you have impact on life's events rather than passively submitting to the will and whims of others is self-determination.  Youth must develop a sense of influence over their lives, exercising their potential to become self-directing, autonomous adults. 

4.  Generosity

Opportunity to Value and Practice Service for Others

Finding yourself begins with losing yourself in the service of others.  Service is a whay for members to gain exposure to the larger community and, indeed the world itself.