Erik Erikson's Stages of Development        

Erik Erikson hypothesized that the personality of a person develops in universal and observable patterns corresponding to the ways a human fetus develops. In fetal development, each organ system of the body has its own innate time for growth (or danger of defect). In the same way, each stage is characterized by an emotional crisis.

Crises are seen as decisive turning points of increased vulnerability or strength to function effectively. However, Erikson did not imply that any manifestation of potentially dangerous traits is undesirable but that when the negative far outweighs the positive, then difficulties in development arise.

A positive resolution of any given developmental crisis is not regarded as an achievement because no one crisis is resolved once and for all. Each crisis is present in some way as the person moves through the life cycle.

The strengths and capabilities developed through successful resolution of a crisis at any given stage can be affected by later events. Nevertheless, a psychological strength is generally affected most strongly during the stage in which it is developed.

 Click on the different steps to learn more about each stage. 

Youth group pic>
Youth group pic>
Youth group pic>
Youth group pic>
Youth group pic>
Youth group pic>
Youth group pic>
Youth group pic>