Social Development        

6-8 Years old

9-11 Years Old

12-14 Years old

15-18 Years old

See adults as authority


Behave in ways to avoid punishment


Are learning about self in relation to others


See parents and family as primary role models

Identifying with same sex groups and feel loyalty to group


Prefer cooperative activities


See older teens as role models


Still see adults as authority but are moving toward taking responsibility for own actions

Are learning to live with opposite sex group


Strive for independence and question authority


Choose role models from adult public figures

Search for intimacy and relationship skills


Are testing sexual attractiveness


See adults as fallible and can initiate and carry out tasks


Want adult leadership roles

Reference: Youth Works (Kansas State University). (2001). Lets Start Where They Are, Part 1 [Interactive DVD]